Run Selenium Script using runnable JAR

Run Selenium Script using runnable JAR,this Selenium WebDriver lesson explains how to convert a Selenium WebDriver scripts into a runnable JAR file. The JAR file can be uploaded to the any operating system platform to be run from many locations using JAR file.We will first create the script using simple Java program using the TestNG test format, then create and verify script runnable and Java project using Eclipse Tool, and last build the project into as a runnable JAR file.

Pre Requisite

Selenium client libraries v 3.1 for Java, You can download from this website
I’m using Firefox 56 version
We require Geckodriver exe file to open Firefox Browser, without geckodriver it will not open Firefox browser.

Also READ: Open Firefox Browser using geckoDriver

Java Development Kit (JDK) 8: http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

Eclipse IDE for Java Developers: http://www.eclipse.org/downloads/

1. Create Eclipse Project

To create a new Java project in Eclipse, select File > New > Java Project from the Eclipse menu.



Specify the project name and location. Leave other options as is and click Finish.

Project Structure will look like below.



2. Now Add All required Selenium Libraries with the help of Build Configure Menu.

Right Click on Project – >Build Path -> Configure Build Path



Now Click on Libraries Tab ->Click on Add External Jars

 



Browse all Selenium related Jar files and Select to add JAR files 

Click on Add Library to add TestNG library

Select TestNG

Also READ : Write Test Cases PASS/FAIL Using Selenium

Click on Next and click on Finish button

Now Click on Apply and Close.



Next, create a package (namespace) for your Selenium test. To do that, right-click the project and select New > Package.

Enter the package name and click Finish.



Tip: Java package names should be all lowercase and begin with your company’s reversed Internet domain name.

3. Create Main Method

A runnable JAR needs a main method. Java code generated by Selenium does not include the main method, but it is easy to add it.

Edit your .java file and add these lines at the beginning of the file, after other imports:

Then, add this main method inside the class:

public static void main(String[] args) {

TestListenerAdapter testla = new TestListenerAdapter();
TestNG testng = new TestNG();
testng.setTestClasses(new Class[] {SampleTests.class});
testng.run();
}

The above code will execute all the @Test methods one by one,at last generates reports in test-output folder.

Complete Class Code:

package com.selenium.actions;
import java.io.IOException;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
import org.testng.ITestResult;
import org.testng.TestListenerAdapter;
import org.testng.TestNG;
import org.testng.annotations.AfterMethod;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

public class SampleTests  {
WebDriver driver;

@Test
public void runnableJARTest() throws IOException, InterruptedException {

//Using Gecko Driver to Open Firefox Browser
System.setProperty(“webdriver.gecko.driver”, “F:\Java_Applications\Zip Files\geckodriver-v0.16.0-win64\geckodriver.exe”);

driver= new FirefoxDriver();
driver.get(” https://learn-selenium-automation-testing.blogspot.in”);

}

public static void main(String[] args) {

TestListenerAdapter testla = new TestListenerAdapter();
TestNG testng = new TestNG();
testng.setTestClasses(new Class[] {SampleTests.class});
testng.run();
}

@AfterMethod
public void afterTest(ITestResult results) {
if(results.isSuccess()) {
System.out.println(“Test Cases is Pass”);

}else if(results.getStatus()==ITestResult.FAILURE) {
System.out.println(“Test Cases is FAIL”);

}else if(results.getStatus()==ITestResult.SKIP) {
System.out.println(“Test Cases is SKIPPED”);
}
 
}

Now Right Click on Project -> Run As – > Java Application

It should execute above code without any errors, In case any errors then need to resolve the same for smooth execution of the code.

4. Export Project as Runnable JAR

To Export Your Project, right click on Project -> Export->Select Java – > Runnable JAR file

Create Runnable JAR file
Create Runnable JAR file



Click on Next

Select Launch Configuration as Your class – Project Name

Enter Export destination path with JAR name with .jar extension as below

E:Automation_Testingrunnablejar.jar

Runnable JAR file
Runnable JAR file



Click on Finish button.

To confirm that the JAR file has been properly packaged, open the command prompt and run this command:

java -jar <path>filename.jar

For example:

java -jar C:TestsAlertSiteSeleniumExample.jar

This will open Firefox browser and execute your Selenium Test script. You should see Test Results finished successfully in the Command Prompt console as below.

Test Results
Test Results



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ALSO READ  Count number of links in a webpage using Selenium

Rajesh K

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